Info: Jewelry Glossary

What those strange jewelry terms mean

925 Sterling Silver
A purity grade for sterling silver. 925 sterling silver must contain a minimum of 92.5% pure silver. The term is a measure of purity and quality.
The colorful, pearly iridescent inner shell of the mollusk. Characteristically of a dark green color, it is also the source of the many-colored mother of pearl. The iridescent lining is used to create jewelry, buttons and other accessories.
Acrylic Gemstones
Manufactured gemstones made from acrylic, a plastic material heated to a glassy finish.
A combination of two or more metals.
Birthstones (birthstone) are assigned through both zodiac sign and birth month. In ancient myth and astrology, birthstones were described as objects bringing power and luck to the wearer. They also were known to promote emotional, physical and spiritual healing.

Birthstones by Month

  • January: Garnet
  • February: Amethyst
  • April: Diamond
  • May: Emerald
  • June: Pearl or Moonstone
  • July: Ruby
  • August: Peridot
  • September: Sapphire
  • October: Opal
  • November: Citrine or Orange Topaz
  • December: Turquoise or Blue Topaz

Birthstones by Zodiac

  • Aquarius: Garnet
  • Pisces: Amethyst or Aquamarine
  • Aries: Bloodstone
  • Taurus: Sapphire
  • Gemini: Alexandrite or Aquamarine
  • Cancer: Emerald
  • Leo: Peridot or Onyx
  • Virgo: Carnelian
  • Scorpio: Beryl
  • Sagittarius: Topaz
  • Capricorn: Ruby
Any of a class of jewelry made to be worn around the wrist or forearm.
A decorative pin or clasp offered in many styles and designs. They are traditionally worn on jackets and sweaters, innovative stylists also use them to decorate scarves, purses, belts, and even shoes.
Brushed Metal
A finish added to metal jewelry by scuffing it with a metal brush. Results in an austere, matte finish.
A gemstone fashioned with a domed or convex smooth and polished surface. This technique is usually applied to softer gemstones.
A relief-carved image (usually a person's face) used as a decorative piece of jewelry, often set inside a glass, amber, or other such transparent material.
Cathedral Setting
A simple band ring that arches at the top, giving the ring a higher profile.
The area of a cut gemstone above the girdle (the center ridge).
Cubic Zirconia
Also known as CZ, this synthetic gemstone is used to replicate the appearance of a diamond or other hard, faceted gemstones like sapphires, emeralds, or rubies. Clear CZ has fewer flaws and more clarity than a diamond.
Literally "rings for the ears", these ornaments or jewels are attached to the earlobe with a clasp or through piercing. Styles include dangle (which dangle freely from the ear lobe), hoop (characterized by their round, looping shape), stud (a single stone or small metalwork design fastened directly onto the earrings pole, the part of the earring inserted into a piercing), and chandelier (which are characterized by a cascading set of dangles).
A paint that dries to a hard, glossy finish. Most enamels are oil-based, and are used because of their attractive gloss and the protective properties of their hard finish.
A flat, polished portion on the surface of a cut gemstone.
Faux Pearl
A pearl that is fashioned out of imperfect pearls and reconstituted to create a gemstone with nearly perfect dimensions while retaining the same luster as an intact pearl.
Gemstone (Precious Stone)
An organic or mineral stone that, because of its rarity or beauty, has become a valued decoration and centerpiece for jewelry.
Gemstone Cuts
The shape, proportions and finish of a polished gemstone.
  • Brilliant cut: Collective name for gemstone cuts where the lower facets radiate from the center of the gem. Round cut is the most common.
  • Diamond cut: See "round cut"
  • Emerald cut: Rectangular or square step cut with diagonal corners.
  • Marquise cut: Symmetrical boat-shaped brilliant cut gem with pointed ends.
  • Oval cut: Modified brilliant cut with an oblong shaped girdle outline.
  • Pear cut/Teardrop cut: Asymmetrical cut with one pointed and one rounded end.
  • Princess cut: Modified brilliant cut with a square or rectangular girdle outline featuring 57 facets.
  • Round Cut: Round brilliant cut.
  • Cabochon: A gemstone fashioned with a domed or convex smooth and polished surface.
The ridge at the center of a gemstone. See also "crown" and "pavilion" for more information about the details of a stone's cut.
Italian Charms
Interlocking links that can be hooked together to form a bracelet, keychain or other accessories. The individual pieces (an Italian charm) are available as enamel hand-painted, laser etched, and photo charms and are compatible across most major brands. All quality Italian charm link bases are made of stainless steel. Available in small, medium, large and mega sizes. The standard charm size is 9mm.
Italian Charm Bracelet
A bracelet made up of a series of flat, modular links that are hooked together (Italian charms). A piece of personalized jewelry is formed by linking individual charms on this stretchy band bracelet. The bracelets can easily be changed by replacing all or one piece at a time. Each Italian charm bracelet is totally unique since you put it together yourself!
Objects designed for the adornment of the body, such as bracelets, necklaces or rings, made with metals and often set with precious or semiprecious stones.
Lampwork Glass
Glass fashioned or fused through the application of heat from a lamp or torch. This technique was developed in Murano, an island near Venice, Italy, where it has been used for hundreds of years.
Licensed Italian Charms
Authentic images of licensed characters and trademarks featured on Italian charms.
Mega Charm
18mm sized modular Italian charm link (Italian charms).
Modular Links
Individual stainless steel pieces that hook together and can be moved to form a changeable look. See also: Italian Charms.
Mother of Pearl
A subtly iridescent inner shell of an oyster characterized by restrained coloring and pearly hues.
Murano Glass
Glass made in the lampwork style developed over hundreds of years on the island of Murano, near Venice, Italy. Historically, the production of glass on the island of Murano was restricted to a small handful of elite families, who passed their secret techniques from one generation to the next. Because of its high quality and vibrant, colorful designs, this glass is in high demand around the world.
The bottom portion of a cut gemstone. So called because it often resembles the conical shape of a pavilion tent (although upside down).
An ornament or piece of jewelry that hangs from a necklace or bracelet.
A synthetic crystal gemstone made from paste or glass and designed to glitter with the likeness of a diamond or other faceted gemstone, like a sapphire or garnet.
Precious metal fashioned into circular a jewelry piece often featuring a centerpiece of either precious stone or semi-precious.
Semi-pricious Stone
A gem having commercial value but not as rare or expensive as a precious stone.
A metal alloy that is melted to fuse two pieces of metal.
Stainless Steel
Hearty steel with added chromium. Resistant to scratches and corrosion.
Standard Charm
A 9mm sized modular link (Italian charm) is considered the standard size in Italian Charms.
Superlink Charm
A charm that has the same height as a standard link charm (so it is compatible with a standard Italian charm bracelet) but is twice as long, allowing for more intricate and striking designs.
Toggle Clasp
A bracelet or necklace clasp that fastens by inserting a bar into a round ring. The bar is joined in a T fashion to one end of the chain, and is held in place in the ring by the tension of the hanging necklace or bracelet.

Pugster, Inc., Jewelers  Retail, Pasadena, CA